Update From Pollitecon Publications
Special Edition - The Balkan Wars 100 Year Commemoration
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2013 is the 100th anniversary of the First and Second
Balkan Wars that so dramatically changed Macedonian
history and the lives of all Macedonians today. To commemorate
this major historical event, Pollitecon presents this
special edition of Pollitecon Update with a selection
of key books, videos, reports and conferences, most
with a Macedonian perspective on the Balkan Wars.
The Balkan Wars in the Eyes of the Warring Parties:
Perceptions and Interpretations
Balkan Wars in the Eyes of the Warring PartiesIn the
book, The Balkan Wars in the Eyes of the Warring Parties:
Perceptions and Interpretations, author Igor Despot
reviews the events of the wars and considers these in
their cultural light. The publisher says he identifies
the commonalities and differences that may have determined
alliances or sparked conflict in Balkan history. The
author says there is still a great deal of material
about the wars left to explore. He uses Macedonian sources
and discusses the Macedonian people's desire for freedom.
An excerpt from the book is Here.
Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans,
Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913
by Briton C. Busch, and Edward J. Erickson examines
the reasons for the Ottoman defeat in the Wars. The
428 page book looks at the operations of the Ottoman
Army from October 1912 to July 1913, including its campaigns
in Macedonia, and explains its doctrines and planning
procedures. The publisher, Praeger, says it is written
at an operational level that details every campaign
at the level of the army corps. Excerpts from the book
The Balkan Wars: 1912-13 : the War Correspondence
of Leon Trotsky
Trotsky Book CoverOne of the keen observers of the Balkan
War was the famous Russian Jewish political revolutionary
and journalist, Leon Trotsky, who was sent to the Balkans
in 1912 to cover the war. In this book, The Balkan Wars:
1912-13 : the War Correspondence of Leon Trotsky, he
speaks freely about the Macedonians of Macedonia, their
rebellions and struggle for freedom. An extended preview
of the book is Here.
Balkan Genocides: Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing
in the Twentieth Century
GenocidesIn his book, Balkan Genocides: Holocaust and
Ethnic Cleansing in the Twentieth Century, author Paul
Mojzes says "The first European genocide of the
twentieth century took place during the Balkan wars
of 1912-13; it is a heretofore unrecognized genocide.
The book looks at the major wars and genocides in the
Balkans in the 20th century and has a chapter on Balkan
Wars 1912-13: An Unrecognized Genocide. This looks at
multiple incidents of genocide on many of the inhabitants
affected by the Balkan Wars including the Macedonians.
An extensive preview of the book is Here.
Report of the International Commission to Inquire
into the Causes and Conduct of the Balkan Wars
Report CoverOne of the most comprehensive accounts of
the Balkan Wars is the Report of the International Commission
to Inquire into the Causes and Conduct of the Balkan
Wars, which was published in 1914 by the Carnegie Endowment
for International Peace. The report is a flawed document
in regard to the identity of the ethnic Macedonians.
However it is useful in areas such as the political
climate of the times, military manoeuvres and many of
the military clashes, atrocities against civilians,
statistics and casualties. The Report is Here.
The Greek Colonization of Aegean Macedonia 1913-1940
One of the best books in this area is The Greek Colonization
of Aegean Macedonia (Grckata Kolonizacija vo Egejska
Makedonija: 1913-1940) by Stojan Kiselinovski. The book
gives a detailed analysis of population movements in
Aegean Macedonia including the indigenous ethnic Macedonians
and the effects of the population exchanges of the 1920s
that saw over a half a million Greeks from Turkey and
elsewhere colonize Aegean Macedonia and reduce the indigenous
Macedonians to a minority. The book was published in
Macedonian and is currently sold out. However, the facility
can tell you the location of your nearest library copy.
Territorial Gains and Losses in Images
Here are three youtube videos that show the territorial
gains and losses for the First and Second Balkan Wars.
Unfortunately, they are short, move quickly from image
to image, and the first two have no commentary. But
they give a visual representation of what happened on
the ground on a day by day or battle by battle basis,
and using the pause button helps. The first two also
have some good historical photography and images. The
First Balkan War video is Here,
the Second Balkan War video is Here.
The third video shows the battles and territorial movements
for both wars, and is Here.
The Treaty of Bucharest
Bucharest Treaty after the Second Balkan War divided
Macedonia between Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria, a division
that still divides Macedonia and Macedonians today.
In 2007, Pollitecon Publications published the first
full translation of the Treaty, from French to English
and complete with maps, on the internet. Pollitecon
also reprinted a number of related military treaties
leading up to the Balkan Wars and related human rights
treaties agreed after the Wars. The Treaty of Bucharest
and these related treaties are Here.
The Occupation of Macedonia - Treaty of Bucharest
The video is a television interview with Vance Stojcev
about the Treaty of Bucharest and what it means. The
youtube video is Here.
Treaty of Bucharest 1913 Roumania Greece Serbia
This Macedonian Television video give an essential picture
of how the Treaty of Bucharest divided the territory
of Macedonia among Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria. It also
has interesting historical footage. The video is Here.
Macedonia 1912-1913 Balkan wars (1)
This short youtube video outlines the how Macedonians
were compact in their historical and ethnic territory
up to the Balkan Wars, and were a majority in their
territory. It describes how the Macedonian language
was the most used language among the people up to 1913
despite Turkish being the official language. The video
Second Balkan War - WW1 Macedonia 1913-1919 (2)
This video looks at how Greece's new territories in
Macedonia included Macedonians, Muslims and other non-Greeks,
and how it reacted to this with a policy of one-nation
one people. Instead of recognizing these non-Greek people,
including the Macedonians, it took advantage of the
historically favourable times and began to aggressively
assimilate or ethnically cleanse the Macedonians and
to colonize the new territories with Greeks who had
no connection to Macedonia. Some excellent historical
footage. The video is Here.
Exodus of Ethnic Macedonians from Greece (3)
The video Exodus of Ethnic Macedonians from Greece (3)
looks at the period after the First World War and the
oppression and forced hellenization of the ethnic Macedonians.
It looks at the population exchanges between Greece
and Bulgaria and Greece and Turkey, the Greek colonization
of Aegean Macedonia, the changes to the historical character
of Aegean Macedonia to make it Greek, and life under
the Metaxas dictatorship. The video is Here.
Macedonians in Pirin Macedonia (1945-48 ) part 1
This 1948 video shows Pirin Macedonia in Bulgaria and
a delegations from the People Republic of Macedonia
in Blagoevgrad Province. Locations include Melnik ,
Banski , Sveti Vrac and Rozdenski manastir. It includes
the house of Jane Sandanski. The video is Here.
Macedonians in Pirin Macedonia (1945-48 ) part 2
Macedonians in Pirin Macedonia (1945 - 48 ) part 2 starts
with a wonderful image of a truck that is a travelling
library bringing Macedonian books about their culture
to the Macedonians in Pirin. There are also Macedonian
language classes and Macedonian theatre performances.
The video is Here.
Images of the Balkan Wars
Google Images gives a huge number of results for the
words First and Second Balkan Wars. Many of these are
original images of historical interest. See Here.
International Scholarly Conference on the Partition
logoThe Australian Macedonian Human Rights Committee
(AMHRC) is organizing an international scholarly conference
to mark 100 years since the Partition of Macedonia.
The conference will be held in Melbourne from 4 to 7
September 2013 and related events will be held during
the conference week. Among the speakers are a number
of known international academics on Macedonian issues
including Professor Andrew Rossos, Professor Victor
Friedman, Professor Katerina Kolozova, Professor Keith
Brown, Professor Peter Hill, Professor Loring Danforth,
Professor Grace E Fielder, and Professor Christina Kramer.
More information is Here.
Macedonia 2013: 100 Years after the Treaty of Bucharest
LogoThe United Macedonian Diaspora is holding its 2013
global conference in Skopje under the theme - Macedonia
2013: 100 Years after the Treaty of Bucharest. Among
other themes, the conference will discuss the Balkan
Wars and the Treaty of Bucharest and their effects on
Macedonians, the Macedonian identity, the Greek Civil
War, domestic and regional politics, and the establishment
of an independent Republic of Macedonia. The conference
is on July 24 to August 2. More information is Here.
The Balkans: People, Wars and Peace
The Institute of National History - Skopje is commemorating
the 100th Anniversary of the Balkan Wars with an International
scientific conference "The Balkans: people, wars,
and peace to be held in Skopje on 4 and 5 November
2013 in Skopje. The aim is to stimulate further interdisciplinary
research on war and peace in the Balkans and especially
in Macedonia. Among the topics it has proposed are:
The Balkan Wars and Macedonia
The civil wars in the Balkans
Religion between war and peace
Peace efforts and movements in the Balkans
The consequences of wars and peace treaties
Migrations and ethnic changes in the Balkans
The idea of home and forced migrations
The Macedonian movement for national liberation in
The World Wars and the Balkans
Children and war
Identities in the Balkans during times of war and
Crimes and law
The conference languages are Macedonian and English.
The deadline to apply to present a paper is 31 May.
More information Here.
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