Update From Pollitecon Publications

May 2013

Special Edition - The Balkan Wars 100 Year Commemoration

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2013 is the 100th anniversary of the First and Second Balkan Wars that so dramatically changed Macedonian history and the lives of all Macedonians today. To commemorate this major historical event, Pollitecon presents this special edition of Pollitecon Update with a selection of key books, videos, reports and conferences, most with a Macedonian perspective on the Balkan Wars.

The Balkan Wars in the Eyes of the Warring Parties: Perceptions and Interpretations
Book Cover: The Balkan WarsThe Balkan Wars in the Eyes of the Warring PartiesIn the book, The Balkan Wars in the Eyes of the Warring Parties: Perceptions and Interpretations, author Igor Despot reviews the events of the wars and considers these in their cultural light. The publisher says he identifies the commonalities and differences that may have determined alliances or sparked conflict in Balkan history. The author says there is still a great deal of material about the wars left to explore. He uses Macedonian sources and discusses the Macedonian people's desire for freedom. An excerpt from the book is Here.

Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913
Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913 by Briton C. Busch, and Edward J. Erickson examines the reasons for the Ottoman defeat in the Wars. The 428 page book looks at the operations of the Ottoman Army from October 1912 to July 1913, including its campaigns in Macedonia, and explains its doctrines and planning procedures. The publisher, Praeger, says it is written at an operational level that details every campaign at the level of the army corps. Excerpts from the book are Here.

The Balkan Wars: 1912-13 : the War Correspondence of Leon Trotsky
Book Cover: The Balkan WarsLeon Trotsky Book CoverOne of the keen observers of the Balkan War was the famous Russian Jewish political revolutionary and journalist, Leon Trotsky, who was sent to the Balkans in 1912 to cover the war. In this book, The Balkan Wars: 1912-13 : the War Correspondence of Leon Trotsky, he speaks freely about the Macedonians of Macedonia, their rebellions and struggle for freedom. An extended preview of the book is Here.

Balkan Genocides: Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing in the Twentieth Century
Book Cover: Balkan GenocidesBalkan GenocidesIn his book, Balkan Genocides: Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing in the Twentieth Century, author Paul Mojzes says "The first European genocide of the twentieth century took place during the Balkan wars of 1912-13; it is a heretofore unrecognized genocide. The book looks at the major wars and genocides in the Balkans in the 20th century and has a chapter on Balkan Wars 1912-13: An Unrecognized Genocide. This looks at multiple incidents of genocide on many of the inhabitants affected by the Balkan Wars including the Macedonians. An extensive preview of the book is Here.

Report of the International Commission to Inquire into the Causes and Conduct of the Balkan Wars
Book cover: Carnegie ReportCarnegie Report CoverOne of the most comprehensive accounts of the Balkan Wars is the Report of the International Commission to Inquire into the Causes and Conduct of the Balkan Wars, which was published in 1914 by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. The report is a flawed document in regard to the identity of the ethnic Macedonians. However it is useful in areas such as the political climate of the times, military manoeuvres and many of the military clashes, atrocities against civilians, statistics and casualties. The Report is Here.

The Greek Colonization of Aegean Macedonia 1913-1940
One of the best books in this area is The Greek Colonization of Aegean Macedonia (Grckata Kolonizacija vo Egejska Makedonija: 1913-1940) by Stojan Kiselinovski. The book gives a detailed analysis of population movements in Aegean Macedonia including the indigenous ethnic Macedonians and the effects of the population exchanges of the 1920s that saw over a half a million Greeks from Turkey and elsewhere colonize Aegean Macedonia and reduce the indigenous Macedonians to a minority. The book was published in Macedonian and is currently sold out. However, the facility Here can tell you the location of your nearest library copy.

Territorial Gains and Losses in Images
Here are three youtube videos that show the territorial gains and losses for the First and Second Balkan Wars. Unfortunately, they are short, move quickly from image to image, and the first two have no commentary. But they give a visual representation of what happened on the ground on a day by day or battle by battle basis, and using the pause button helps. The first two also have some good historical photography and images. The First Balkan War video is Here, the Second Balkan War video is Here. The third video shows the battles and territorial movements for both wars, and is Here.

The Treaty of Bucharest
Bucharest TreatyThe Bucharest Treaty after the Second Balkan War divided Macedonia between Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria, a division that still divides Macedonia and Macedonians today. In 2007, Pollitecon Publications published the first full translation of the Treaty, from French to English and complete with maps, on the internet. Pollitecon also reprinted a number of related military treaties leading up to the Balkan Wars and related human rights treaties agreed after the Wars. The Treaty of Bucharest and these related treaties are Here.

The Occupation of Macedonia - Treaty of Bucharest 1913
The video is a television interview with Vance Stojcev about the Treaty of Bucharest and what it means. The youtube video is Here.

Treaty of Bucharest 1913 Roumania Greece Serbia Bulgaria
This Macedonian Television video give an essential picture of how the Treaty of Bucharest divided the territory of Macedonia among Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria. It also has interesting historical footage. The video is Here.

Macedonia 1912-1913 Balkan wars (1)
This short youtube video outlines the how Macedonians were compact in their historical and ethnic territory up to the Balkan Wars, and were a majority in their territory. It describes how the Macedonian language was the most used language among the people up to 1913 despite Turkish being the official language. The video is Here.

Second Balkan War - WW1 Macedonia 1913-1919 (2)
This video looks at how Greece's new territories in Macedonia included Macedonians, Muslims and other non-Greeks, and how it reacted to this with a policy of one-nation one people. Instead of recognizing these non-Greek people, including the Macedonians, it took advantage of the historically favourable times and began to aggressively assimilate or ethnically cleanse the Macedonians and to colonize the new territories with Greeks who had no connection to Macedonia. Some excellent historical footage. The video is Here.

Exodus of Ethnic Macedonians from Greece (3)
The video Exodus of Ethnic Macedonians from Greece (3) looks at the period after the First World War and the oppression and forced hellenization of the ethnic Macedonians. It looks at the population exchanges between Greece and Bulgaria and Greece and Turkey, the Greek colonization of Aegean Macedonia, the changes to the historical character of Aegean Macedonia to make it Greek, and life under the Metaxas dictatorship. The video is Here.

Macedonians in Pirin Macedonia (1945-48 ) part 1
This 1948 video shows Pirin Macedonia in Bulgaria and a delegations from the People Republic of Macedonia in Blagoevgrad Province. Locations include Melnik , Banski , Sveti Vrac and Rozdenski manastir. It includes the house of Jane Sandanski. The video is Here.

Macedonians in Pirin Macedonia (1945-48 ) part 2
Macedonians in Pirin Macedonia (1945 - 48 ) part 2 starts with a wonderful image of a truck that is a travelling library bringing Macedonian books about their culture to the Macedonians in Pirin. There are also Macedonian language classes and Macedonian theatre performances. The video is Here.

Images of the Balkan Wars
Google Images gives a huge number of results for the words First and Second Balkan Wars. Many of these are original images of historical interest. See Here.

International Scholarly Conference on the Partition of Macedonia
AMHRC logoAMHRC logoThe Australian Macedonian Human Rights Committee (AMHRC) is organizing an international scholarly conference to mark 100 years since the Partition of Macedonia. The conference will be held in Melbourne from 4 to 7 September 2013 and related events will be held during the conference week. Among the speakers are a number of known international academics on Macedonian issues including Professor Andrew Rossos, Professor Victor Friedman, Professor Katerina Kolozova, Professor Keith Brown, Professor Peter Hill, Professor Loring Danforth, Professor Grace E Fielder, and Professor Christina Kramer. More information is Here.

Macedonia 2013: 100 Years after the Treaty of Bucharest
UMD logoUMD LogoThe United Macedonian Diaspora is holding its 2013 global conference in Skopje under the theme - Macedonia 2013: 100 Years after the Treaty of Bucharest. Among other themes, the conference will discuss the Balkan Wars and the Treaty of Bucharest and their effects on Macedonians, the Macedonian identity, the Greek Civil War, domestic and regional politics, and the establishment of an independent Republic of Macedonia. The conference is on July 24 to August 2. More information is Here.

The Balkans: People, Wars and Peace
The Institute of National History - Skopje is commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the Balkan Wars with an International scientific conference "The Balkans: people, wars, and peace“ to be held in Skopje on 4 and 5 November 2013 in Skopje. The aim is to stimulate further interdisciplinary research on war and peace in the Balkans and especially in Macedonia. Among the topics it has proposed are:
• The Balkan Wars and Macedonia
• The civil wars in the Balkans
• Religion between war and peace
• Peace efforts and movements in the Balkans
• The consequences of wars and peace treaties
• Migrations and ethnic changes in the Balkans
• The idea of home and forced migrations
• The Macedonian movement for national liberation in the Balkans
• The World Wars and the Balkans
• Children and war
• Identities in the Balkans during times of war and peace
• Crimes and law
The conference languages are Macedonian and English. The deadline to apply to present a paper is 31 May. More information Here.

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Victor Bivell
Pollitecon Publications
PO Box 3411
Wareemba NSW 2046 Australia
Ph 02 9705 0578
Email vbivell @ pollitecon.com
Web http://www.pollitecon.com

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