On The Expansionism Of The
Neighbouring Countries … And How The Greek State Officially
Encourages Expansionist Ideologies
Official publication of the Greek Parliament, under
the supervision of the Geographic Military Service (GMS).
Map with heading:
GREEK PARLIAMENT (with logo)
HISTORICAL MAP OF GREECE
Legend with heading:
THE UNIFICATION OF GREECE
In recent years more and more often we hear the statements
of various Greek authorities, parliamentarians, government
representatives, ministries, Prime Ministers, journalists
and others, about the so-called 'expansionist propaganda
of "Skopje"' against our country.
Typically, all the above mentioned who utilise such
argumentation on the "expansionism of Skopje" have not
attempted to enquire or consider the behaviour of our
state on the issue of "expansionism".
The Greek Parliament in 2000 printed a map under the
heading "Historical Map of Greece" where part of Turkish
territory is presented as being part of the "unitary
Greek world". Specifically, the territory of Asia Minor
around Izmir, eastern Thrace, the islands of Imvros
and Tenedos are presented as Greek territories.
The title of the map is "Historical Map of Greece"
and the legend is headed "The Unification of Greece".
In purple are marked the territories which "united"
with the Greek state in 1920 and below, the Treaty of
Sevres is mentioned, which partly satisfied the needs
of the Greek "Great Idea" (Megali Idea). The very mention
of "unification" serves to highlight the "unity" and
"indivisibility" of Greek lands, which include the marked
purple territories. Of course the nationalists and crypto-nationalists
in our country can justify themselves by claiming that
the map is not expansionist, but rather represents the
real situation on the ground following the Treaty of
Sevres in 1920. Well, a similar argumentation can be
used by every Macedonian nationalist claiming the same
for the Treaty of Bucharest of 1913 in which the well-known
map with the division of the Macedonian lands between
three states is not expansionist propaganda but rather
represents the realistic situation at the actual time.
So in actual fact, what is the difference between the
title "Historical Map of Greece" (1920) from the title
"Historical Map of Macedonia" (1913). Or what is the
difference between a title that reads "The Division
of Macedonia" and one that states "The Unification of
Map from the Macedonian edition of Wikipedia
In the above-mentioned map of the Greek Parliament,
in addition to the marking of the so-called "Greek zone
of Izmir", the lands of southern Albania are named "Northern
Epirus" (In Greece the northern part is officially called
"Epirus"). If that is the case, why do certain circles
protest at terms such as "Chameria" when attempting
to name the Albanian part of "Epirus", the territory
in which Albanians (Chams) lived until 1945 before they
were driven out, or again when "Aegean Macedonia" is
Moreover, how is it possible in the map under the sub-heading
"The Unification of Greece" for Cyprus to be included?
Why in the legend is the so-called "All-Cypriot referendum"
for unification with Greece in 1950 and the 96% who
voted "for" such a move included, while the position
and situation of the Turkish-Cypriots is ignored, with
the aim of giving an impression that close to the whole
population wanted to "unite" with the Greek state? By
describing the situation in that way, the neutral observer
of the map gains the impression that close to the whole
population is indeed a part of Greece or at the very
least a second Greek state. Do Turkish-Cypriots now
have the right to protest against Greek expansionism
and irredentism endorsed by the official stamp of the
The 'wonder' of the above mentioned map is that it
'decorates' a large number of administrative buildings
in Greece such as municipal offices, police stations
and even Greek embassies abroad, which indirectly serves
as propaganda in the service of the policy of "Megali
Idea" (the doctrine of a greater Greece from the last
century which advocates the idea of a Greece spread
over two continents and surrounded by three seas). Similarly,
it propagates the Greek character of Cyprus as well
as the Greek character of southern Albania. The map
even goes as far as to use the Greek terms "Monastirio"
and "Stromnitsa" for Bitola and Strumica respectively
which are in the territory of the Republic of Macedonia,
while all toponyms in southern Albania (which by the
way is called "Northern Epirus") are exclusively in
When such a map is issued on the initiative of the
Greek Parliament and under the supervision of the Geographic
Military Service and which to this day is continually
being distributed by the highest organ of the state,
that is the Parliament, how then will Greek diplomacy
convince interlocutors from all places that "it is concerned
with the stability of the region" and that "the expansionist
ideologies of its neighbours (referring here to the
Republic of Macedonia) are not contributing towards
Taken generally, when we speak of the Macedonian question
in recent times, Greek diplomacy has lingered around
the arguments surrounding the "cultural inheritance
of Greece", "the theft of the name 'Macedonia' by Skopje"
and other similar unserious arguments, which by the
way, are met with ironic laughs by foreign interlocutors.
Today, Greek diplomacy attempts to turn the question
towards the so-called "expansionism of Skopje". History,
in recent time, has been left to politicians of the
likes of Karazaferis and the extremely nationalist Greek
Orthodox Church whose arguments are attractive to the
ears of the domestic public.
Unfortunately our diplomacy is trying for a second
occasion to become a victim of the likes of Kofos, Mertsos,
Samaras and other leaders of the Anti-Macedonian campaign
of the 1990s, which with the assistance of recruited
"scholars" largely turned the question to the issues
of the "expansionism of the neighbouring state", forgetting
that our house is already 'dirty' with such 'rubbish'.
Well-known nationalist circles as well as Greek diplomats
ever more frequently turn to the history schoolbooks
of the Republic of Macedonia whose contents, according
to them, are filled with irredentist aspirations towards
Greece. So-called "scientific" studies have been written
and books in Greece are published on this topic. Bilingual
editions are published with the map of "Greater Macedonia"
to be used by Greek diplomats, while the 'poor souls'
have not even thought about the hundreds of maps in
Greek textbooks which propagate Greek irredentism towards
its neighbours, maps which are found not only in Greek
school books, but also in publications of the highest
bodies of the Greek state.
With this mind, it is not surprising for Greek diplomats
to again be laughed at in foreign diplomatic circles,
to return to the blind alley faced in the 1990s or at
the very best to receive answers such as the one that
the head of the Liaison Office of Greece in the Republic
of Macedonia received on a recent visit to the Military
Museum in Skopje, who in the company of Ms Milovanovic,
the US Ambassador to Macedonia and the British Ambassador,
tried to open the issue of Macedonian expansionism and
the maps of Greater Macedonia in schoolbooks. Ms Dora
Grossomandiou received the following answer from Ms
"The above mentioned schoolbooks of "Greater Macedonia"
as far as I am aware are available on the free market
however they are not part of the educational material
Ms Milovanovic added:
"Is your government and the government of Macedonia
prepared to form a joint commission to jointly write
historical books and the history of the region in contemporary
Balkan times" (extract from the Sunday edition of Eleftherotypia
of 1.7.2007, text of Takis Mihas).
Therefore, until such time that an ideological reform
in our state takes place in relation to formation of
the so-called "Greek myth" that the Greeks are the 'chosen
people' who are also direct descendants of the Ancient
Hellenes; that this link continues through the centuries
and that "holy" national interests exist; until such
time that the conspiracy theory on the "foreign factor"
is not reformed, Greek society will continue to be in
a position of 'imprisonment' and 'intellectually closed-minded'
to understand reality, while Greek politics will continue
to be a victim of the likes of Kofos, Mertsos, Samaras
and Papathemelis, while receiving slaps in the face
and paying a high diplomatic price on issues of so-called
SECTOR OF POLITICAL ANTROPOLOGY OF E.F.A.-RAINBOW
POLITICAL PARTY OF THE MACEDONIAN MINORITY IN GREECE
Member of the European Free Alliance - European
Political Party (EFA- EPP)
Member of the Federal Union of European Nationalities
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