Update From Pollitecon Publications
Special Edition - The Balkan Wars 100 Year Commemoration
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2013 is the 100th anniversary of the First and Second Balkan Wars
that so dramatically changed Macedonian history and the lives of all
Macedonians today. To commemorate this major historical event, Pollitecon
presents this special edition of Pollitecon Update with a selection
of key books, videos, reports and conferences, most with a Macedonian
perspective on the Balkan Wars.
The Balkan Wars in the Eyes of the Warring Parties: Perceptions
Balkan Wars in the Eyes of the Warring PartiesIn the book, The Balkan
Wars in the Eyes of the Warring Parties: Perceptions and Interpretations,
author Igor Despot reviews the events of the wars and considers these
in their cultural light. The publisher says he identifies the commonalities
and differences that may have determined alliances or sparked conflict
in Balkan history. The author says there is still a great deal of material
about the wars left to explore. He uses Macedonian sources and discusses
the Macedonian people's desire for freedom. An excerpt from the book
Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913
Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913 by Briton
C. Busch, and Edward J. Erickson examines the reasons for the Ottoman
defeat in the Wars. The 428 page book looks at the operations of the
Ottoman Army from October 1912 to July 1913, including its campaigns
in Macedonia, and explains its doctrines and planning procedures. The
publisher, Praeger, says it is written at an operational level that
details every campaign at the level of the army corps. Excerpts from
the book are Here.
The Balkan Wars: 1912-13 : the War Correspondence of Leon Trotsky
Trotsky Book CoverOne of the keen observers of the Balkan War was the
famous Russian Jewish political revolutionary and journalist, Leon Trotsky,
who was sent to the Balkans in 1912 to cover the war. In this book,
The Balkan Wars: 1912-13 : the War Correspondence of Leon Trotsky, he
speaks freely about the Macedonians of Macedonia, their rebellions and
struggle for freedom. An extended preview of the book is Here.
Balkan Genocides: Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing in the Twentieth
GenocidesIn his book, Balkan Genocides: Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing
in the Twentieth Century, author Paul Mojzes says "The first European
genocide of the twentieth century took place during the Balkan wars
of 1912-13; it is a heretofore unrecognized genocide. The book looks
at the major wars and genocides in the Balkans in the 20th century and
has a chapter on Balkan Wars 1912-13: An Unrecognized Genocide. This
looks at multiple incidents of genocide on many of the inhabitants affected
by the Balkan Wars including the Macedonians. An extensive preview of
the book is Here.
Report of the International Commission to Inquire into the Causes
and Conduct of the Balkan Wars
Report CoverOne of the most comprehensive accounts of the Balkan Wars
is the Report of the International Commission to Inquire into the Causes
and Conduct of the Balkan Wars, which was published in 1914 by the Carnegie
Endowment for International Peace. The report is a flawed document in
regard to the identity of the ethnic Macedonians. However it is useful
in areas such as the political climate of the times, military manoeuvres
and many of the military clashes, atrocities against civilians, statistics
and casualties. The Report is Here.
The Greek Colonization of Aegean Macedonia 1913-1940
One of the best books in this area is The Greek Colonization of Aegean
Macedonia (Grckata Kolonizacija vo Egejska Makedonija: 1913-1940) by
Stojan Kiselinovski. The book gives a detailed analysis of population
movements in Aegean Macedonia including the indigenous ethnic Macedonians
and the effects of the population exchanges of the 1920s that saw over
a half a million Greeks from Turkey and elsewhere colonize Aegean Macedonia
and reduce the indigenous Macedonians to a minority. The book was published
in Macedonian and is currently sold out. However, the facility Here
can tell you the location of your nearest library copy.
Territorial Gains and Losses in Images
Here are three youtube videos that show the territorial gains and losses
for the First and Second Balkan Wars. Unfortunately, they are short,
move quickly from image to image, and the first two have no commentary.
But they give a visual representation of what happened on the ground
on a day by day or battle by battle basis, and using the pause button
helps. The first two also have some good historical photography and
images. The First Balkan War video is Here,
the Second Balkan War video is Here.
The third video shows the battles and territorial movements for both
wars, and is Here.
The Treaty of Bucharest
Bucharest Treaty after the Second Balkan War divided Macedonia between
Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria, a division that still divides Macedonia
and Macedonians today. In 2007, Pollitecon Publications published the
first full translation of the Treaty, from French to English and complete
with maps, on the internet. Pollitecon also reprinted a number of related
military treaties leading up to the Balkan Wars and related human rights
treaties agreed after the Wars. The Treaty of Bucharest and these related
treaties are Here.
The Occupation of Macedonia - Treaty of Bucharest 1913
The video is a television interview with Vance Stojcev about the Treaty
of Bucharest and what it means. The youtube video is Here.
Treaty of Bucharest 1913 Roumania Greece Serbia Bulgaria
This Macedonian Television video give an essential picture of how the
Treaty of Bucharest divided the territory of Macedonia among Greece,
Serbia and Bulgaria. It also has interesting historical footage. The
video is Here.
Macedonia 1912-1913 Balkan wars (1)
This short youtube video outlines the how Macedonians were compact in
their historical and ethnic territory up to the Balkan Wars, and were
a majority in their territory. It describes how the Macedonian language
was the most used language among the people up to 1913 despite Turkish
being the official language. The video is Here.
Second Balkan War - WW1 Macedonia 1913-1919 (2)
This video looks at how Greece's new territories in Macedonia included
Macedonians, Muslims and other non-Greeks, and how it reacted to this
with a policy of one-nation one people. Instead of recognizing these
non-Greek people, including the Macedonians, it took advantage of the
historically favourable times and began to aggressively assimilate or
ethnically cleanse the Macedonians and to colonize the new territories
with Greeks who had no connection to Macedonia. Some excellent historical
footage. The video is Here.
Exodus of Ethnic Macedonians from Greece (3)
The video Exodus of Ethnic Macedonians from Greece (3) looks at the
period after the First World War and the oppression and forced hellenization
of the ethnic Macedonians. It looks at the population exchanges between
Greece and Bulgaria and Greece and Turkey, the Greek colonization of
Aegean Macedonia, the changes to the historical character of Aegean
Macedonia to make it Greek, and life under the Metaxas dictatorship.
The video is Here.
Macedonians in Pirin Macedonia (1945-48 ) part 1
This 1948 video shows Pirin Macedonia in Bulgaria and a delegations
from the People Republic of Macedonia in Blagoevgrad Province. Locations
include Melnik , Banski , Sveti Vrac and Rozdenski manastir. It includes
the house of Jane Sandanski. The video is Here.
Macedonians in Pirin Macedonia (1945-48 ) part 2
Macedonians in Pirin Macedonia (1945 - 48 ) part 2 starts with a wonderful
image of a truck that is a travelling library bringing Macedonian books
about their culture to the Macedonians in Pirin. There are also Macedonian
language classes and Macedonian theatre performances. The video is Here.
Images of the Balkan Wars
Google Images gives a huge number of results for the words First and
Second Balkan Wars. Many of these are original images of historical
interest. See Here.
International Scholarly Conference on the Partition of Macedonia
logoThe Australian Macedonian Human Rights Committee (AMHRC) is organizing
an international scholarly conference to mark 100 years since the Partition
of Macedonia. The conference will be held in Melbourne from 4 to 7 September
2013 and related events will be held during the conference week. Among
the speakers are a number of known international academics on Macedonian
issues including Professor Andrew Rossos, Professor Victor Friedman,
Professor Katerina Kolozova, Professor Keith Brown, Professor Peter
Hill, Professor Loring Danforth, Professor Grace E Fielder, and Professor
Christina Kramer. More information is Here.
Macedonia 2013: 100 Years after the Treaty of Bucharest
LogoThe United Macedonian Diaspora is holding its 2013 global conference
in Skopje under the theme - Macedonia 2013: 100 Years after the Treaty
of Bucharest. Among other themes, the conference will discuss the Balkan
Wars and the Treaty of Bucharest and their effects on Macedonians, the
Macedonian identity, the Greek Civil War, domestic and regional politics,
and the establishment of an independent Republic of Macedonia. The conference
is on July 24 to August 2. More information is Here.
The Balkans: People, Wars and Peace
The Institute of National History - Skopje is commemorating the 100th
Anniversary of the Balkan Wars with an International scientific conference
"The Balkans: people, wars, and peace to be held in Skopje
on 4 and 5 November 2013 in Skopje. The aim is to stimulate further
interdisciplinary research on war and peace in the Balkans and especially
in Macedonia. Among the topics it has proposed are:
The Balkan Wars and Macedonia
The civil wars in the Balkans
Religion between war and peace
Peace efforts and movements in the Balkans
The consequences of wars and peace treaties
Migrations and ethnic changes in the Balkans
The idea of home and forced migrations
The Macedonian movement for national liberation in the Balkans
The World Wars and the Balkans
Children and war
Identities in the Balkans during times of war and peace
Crimes and law
The conference languages are Macedonian and English. The deadline to
apply to present a paper is 31 May. More information Here.
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